Who Was St. Brigid?

The Feast of St. Brigid is upon us—February 1 to be exact. But what do you know about this patron saint of Ireland? Follow along as we take a closer look at her life.

When and where did she live?

St. Brigid was born in the middle of the 5th century and died in the first part of the 6th century. She is thought to have been born to a slave mother and a noble father. Her mother was sold to a Druid landowner, and therefore Brigid grew up alongside the Celts in Ireland. It was during this time as a very young child that she began to demonstrate her generosity, feeding the poorest of the poor and healing the sick.

Cathedral of St. Brigid, Kildare, County Kildare

What are some of her acts that lead to sainthood?

There are numerous legends about the woman, who is sometimes referred to as Brigit, Bridget, or Brigid of Kildare. She performed numerous acts of kindness for the poor. The bulk of these involves providing food or healing as mentioned above. Notably, she is said to have restored sight to a fellow nun. Popularly, she is credited with having changed water into beer for a colony of lepers. This led to her sometimes, jokingly, being referred to as the patron saint of beer.

She founded two monasteries (one for men and one for women) in Kildare along with numerous convents across the Emerald Isle. In addition, she started an art school. She was also thought to have been close friends with St. Patrick, and it was he who heard her final vows before entering a convent.

She is the patron saint of what things?

She (along with St. Patrick) is a patron saint of Ireland. She is also patron saint of dairymaids, cattle, midwives, Irish nuns, and newborn babies.

St. Brigid Reed Cross

How is she remembered today?

Her feast day is commemorated in the Catholic Church on February 1. She is often depicted holding a reed cross, a hooked staff, or a lamp. Since she is the patron saint of dairy, fresh bread and butter are staples of the day. Some still leave a loaf of bread and milk or butter outside their door in honor. Many also enjoy a beer in observance of the day as well.


  • Regina Gillespie

    Will be doing this next year for Saint Brigid .

  • Nancy Conway

    My family, Mom from Leitrim and Pa from Sligo, always left the wreath and all outside greens up until St. Bridget’s Day on February 1 then burn them in a barn fire on the second. I know there was a reason(tradition?) but I cannot remember what it is. I now, almost 80, live in a condo that does not allow fires so I have “fake” greens that I use year after year.

  • Nancy Conway

    My family,Father from Sligo and Mom from Leitrim, believed you must leave your wreath and outside greens up until St. Bridget’s Day, then burn them in a barnfire on the second. I know there is a reason why but forget what it is. I now almost 80 and live in a condo, can not burn and have “fake” greens used year after year but still leave
    them up until Feb. 1 and take them down on the second.

  • Mary

    I once read she gave away her fathers cloak to a homeless begger and it is said it re appeared so she was not punished or questioned !.I also read a nobelman said she could have land only the size of her cloak to build her monistry and so that cloak stretched so far she was able to build two monistaries one for women one for men.

  • Annie Collins

    A person asked, “Why do some St. Brigid crosses have 3 arms and some 4?” I too, ask the same. Thank You for the wonderful write up on St. Brigid.

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